bears mate after 5 years during our summer months. It takes
about 8 months for the cubs to develop. Birth
takes place during the winter months of January or February
within the mother's den. Two to three cubs
are born blind and without fur. The mother feeds and keeps
the cubs warm. They feed from mother's milk from 6 to 8 month's.
This means that cubs spend two winter seasons in the mother's
den. After that, they find their own homes and hunting grounds.
Black bears live for about 25 years.
they are old enough, black bears live alone. They prefer
living in the forests and woodlands. Female bears cover
a smaller territory than males. That is because females
have cubs to feed and protect. A female black bear
does not share her territory. Males share up to as
much as 200 square miles of their territory.
cold weather begins, black bears find protected places for
their homes, or dens. They make homes in
hollow logs, in caves, under large fallen trees, or in burrows
that it digs. Black bear do not really hibernate.
They stay in their dens and are usually awake. However, they
are not active. When they come out of their dens in the spring,
they are very thin and very, very hungry.
bears use their claws, paws and jaws to get their food. Black
bears are omnivores. Being an omnivore means
that black bears eat both meat and plants. Bears climb trees
by using a bear hug. They use their powerful claws and paws
to climb up a tree. They are looking for birds' eggs and beehives.
They always back down the tree.
will also eat smaller mammals such as porcupines and beavers.
Black bears also fish by diving or wading in water. They will
rip apart rotten logs to eat insects and grubs. Black bears
will also eat twigs, buds, nuts, fruit, and tender roots.
They have been known to eat part of trees just beneath the